A GLOSSARY OF HAIR Stylist & SALON TERMS

A-line Bob: An A-line Bob is a geometric bob with a straight fringe, so called because of the resemblance to the capital A, with its horizontal line, the fringe and its legs the hair passing your ears.

Bevel: Small bend in the hair i.e. bevel the ends of your hair under or out to create a bob or flicks - created with hair dryer or irons.

Baliage: The application of highlights by "painting on"

Bob: The Bob, invented in the 1920's, became the classic look of the 50's and 60's. The style was short and straight but blow-dried and curled under. Bob has become a description of the hair length from ear-length to the shoulder.

Brassiness: Brassiness is used to refer to hair that is overly warm or yellow in tone. This can be the result of color buildup, color that is not processed properly or improperly formulated color. Brassiness is generally corrected by applying a toner or a color glaze to counteract the yellow.

Chignon: A chignon is a sophisticated, elegant up style, where long hair is twisted (either in a roll or knot) and pinned from the nape of neck. This style is synonymous with Hollywood and the Oscars, without a single strand of hair out of place. Audrey Hepburn is most famous for wearing this 'do in Breakfast at Tiffany's.

Condition: Your hair's condition can affect the final color result. Your stylist will evaluate your hair's condition in order to determine if you need special pre- or post- color conditioning services.

Consultation: Before every color service, you should expect a consultation with your hair stylist. This conversation is where you will exchange information and ideas about your hair and the look you want to achieve in order to get your color recommendation. During the consultation your colorist will assess the condition of your hair to help determine what kind of color product is most appropriate for your hair's needs. More about Women's Haircut and Style in Fresno, CA

Contrast: Contrast is a value applied to highlights. High-contrast highlights are much lighter than the surrounding hair and provide a dramatic look. Lower contrast highlights result in a more natural look.

Cool: Cool is a tonal value that can apply to blonde, brunette, and red shades. A color is said to have "cool tones" if it tends toward blue or violet. Cool colors include platinum blondes, ash browns, and plum reds.

Couture Cut: A couture cut is a high-fashion cut, which is totally exclusive and specifically tailored to your lifestyle and wardrobe.

Coverage: Coverage is a measure of a haircolor's ability to cover gray. Some haircolor formulations are too transparent to effectively cover gray hair. Covering gray also requires a special color formulation in order to avoid flat or unnatural results.

Decolorizing: Removing natural or artificial haircolor with a lightener (bleach) such as Redken's Up to 7. This is the first step in a double-process hair service. There are on-scalp decolorizers and off-scalp decolorizers.

Demi-permanent haircolor: Demi-permanent haircolors deliver incredible color, shine, and condition to hair with little or no lightening of the natural pigment. They do not remove or lift color. They are ideal if you want to enrich your natural color, brighten dullness, or refresh previously colored hair. Redken's Shades EQ Equalizing Conditioning Color Gloss is a demi-permanent haircolor.

Depth: The depth of a haircolor shade is determined by the amount of darkness in the color. Deeper shades contain more pigment and absorb more light, while lighter shades are more transparent and reflect more light.

Diffuser: A Diffuser is an adapter you put on the end of your hair dryer; it's generally circular with a number of pins sticking out from it. The diffuser spreads out the air flow from your hair dryer so hair doesn't get the full force of the air, meaning a gentler drying process.

Dimension: Dimension is a function of the range of tones in your hair. A head of hair that is all one color is said to be "flat" or lacking dimension. Your stylist can add dimension to your hair with highlights or lowlights.

Double-process: A double-process hair color technique is used to achieve dramatic color changes, such as going from very dark to very light hair. First, the hair is lightened with a decolorizer. Then the new color is deposited on the hair. Your stylist will determine if a double-process is right for you.

Fading: Hair color fades for a variety of reasons, including exposure to water, air, sun, and harsh shampoos. To counteract fading, use color maintenance products.

Faux Hawk: An edgy look; a messier version of a mohawk.

Feathering: Feathering is a cutting technique hairstylists use to take hard lines out of the hair. By cutting into the hair softer lines are created.

Finish: The appearance of the hair's surface, the polish or texture. Different haircolor products result in a different finish.

Formulation: The formulation is the mixture of hair colors your stylist applies to your hair. Your unique formulation will be created by taking into account your hair's condition and your desired results.

Glaze: Semipermanent product used for adding shine and for protecting hair color from fading.

Gloss: Shiny overlay on the hair. Usually a finishing product for hair color and styling.

Hair Stylist: Hair Salon stylists are your partners in achieving your haircolor goals. In order to best benefit from his or their expertise, give the stylists as much information as you can about your hair and the haircolor look you want to achieve during your consultation. Hair Stylists who specializes in color services are "colorists."

Highlights: Highlighting hair means isolating select strands in the hair and treating them with a haircolor, lightener or toner. Highlights can add dimension by contrasting with the rest of the head of hair and are created with foils, a cap or special combs or brushes used for "painting."

Integrity: The overall strength and condition of the hair. Hair with poor integrity may require pre-treatment before a color service.

Keratin: Keratin is a protein that your hair is made up of.

Level: The degree of lightness or darkness of a shade.

Lift: Lift is the chemical process of lightening the color of the hair. Different hair color formulations have different lifting abilities.

Lightener: A lightener is a lifting agent - it lightens the color of the hair. Bleaching, decolorizing, and lightening are all terms used interchangeably by stylists to describe the lifting process.

Lowlights: Adding darker strands to the hair to balance a too light look. Lowlights are typically created with foils, caps, or combs. The effect complements the natural color and can add dimension to your hair.

Maintenance: Color "maintenance" includes periodic salon visits for color touchups and refreshing and regular at-home support with post-color care products. Be sure to ask your hairstylist how to best maintain your color.

Neutral: neutral tones are considered to be in between warm and cool, but because they lack warmth, they can tend to look a bit cool or "ashy" when applied alone. Neutral tones are great at covering grey hair, and work well when mixed with other, more vibrant shades.

Off-scalp decolorizer: An off-scalp decolorizer works quickly and is stronger than many other decolorizers. It's typically used in highlighting.

Ombre: The hair world borrowed the term 'Ombre' from the french word meaning shaded or shading. Ombre hair color is generally darker at the roots through the mid-shaft and then gradually gets lighter from the mid-shaft to the ends. It is usually achieved using a balayage technique and is ideal for clients looking for a low-maintenance style.

On-scalp decolorizer: An on-scalp decolorizer is a lightening agent typically used for double-process hair services and for some types of highlights.

Overprocessed: Hair that has been overprocessed via bleaching, straightening, or other services can be porous and challenging to color. If your hair is overprocessed, your stylist may suggest that you choose pre-treatments and a gentle color product such as Redken Shades EQ.

Oxidation: A chemical change in hair color caused by air. This usually results in the the yellowing of bright highlights.

Permanent haircolor: Permanent hair color does not wash out. It can be used to achieve subtle or dramatic color changes, to lighten hair, and to color hair that is up to 100% gray. Redken Color Fusion Advanced Color Crème is a permanent haircolor that provides long-lasting, healthy-looking results with beautiful color dimension. More about Women's Haircut and Style in Fresno, CA

Point Cut: When the scissors are used to cut hair vertically instead of horizontally. This will give you a "piecey" look.

Porosity: Your hair's porosity determines how it will absorb color. Hair that is very porous, due to overprocessing or other chemical exposures such as swimming, will absorb color more readily.

Protein: Hair is 70-80% protein. Proteins provide strength and resilience.

Regular Trims: Haircuts are very important for keeping you hair in fantastic condition.

Scrunch Dry: A technique for drying your hair which creates a style at the same time. Using a diffuser on your hairdryer, put the dryer underneath and literally scrunch your hair with your free hand.

Serum: A serum is a smoothing product to stop your hair from frizzing, keeping it smooth and straight. You'll be able to find a serum that is specifically designed to your own hair type. Your hairstylist can use a serum on wet hair before styling, or when used in moderation on dry hair to get a smoother look.

Semi-permanent haircolor: Haircolor that is designed to last through five to seven shampoos, depending on the processing time selected and the porosity of the hair. Semi-permanent colors do not lighten hair.

Single-process: Single-process hair color, a one-color application or one-color root touch-up, will permanently transform your hair in one application - there is no separate decolorizing step, versus double-process hair color. Single-process haircolor is generally used to boost or lighten natural color and to cover gray.

Texture: Texture, as defined by the diameter of an individual hair strand, is generally described as fine, medium, or coarse. Your stylist will factor in your hair's texture when determining your best color formulation.

Tone: Tone, in hair coloring, is the term used to describe a specific color -- "golden" blonde, "coppery" red, "ash" brown. Colors are divided into warm tones and cool tones.

Toner: A gentle color that is applied to damp, bleached hair for three or more minutes to add or cancel warm or cool tones. Can also be used to refresh dull highlights.

Transparency: Transparency is a value used to describe the amount of pigment a haircolor formulation will deposit on the hair. Highly transparent colors will provide subtle changes.

Warm: Warm is a tonal value that can apply to blonde, brunette, and red shades. A color is said to have "warm tones" if it tends toward yellow or red. Warm colors include golden blondes, auburn brunettes, and coppery reds.

More about Women's Haircut and Style in Fresno, CA

Afterglow Day Spa Salon acknowledges and thanks the following for providing the above terms and definitions for our learning pleasure:
Lee Stafford.com
The Hairdresser
Seventeen.com
Redken 5th Avenue NYC and
Clairol

Afterglow Day Spa & Salon
is conveniently located in the Palm Bluffs area at
7498 N Remington, Ste 105
Between Alluvial and Nees off Ingram
Fresno CA, 93711
Contact us by calling: (559) 313-5626

SALON HOURS:
TUES - FRI 9am - 7pm
SAT 9am - 4pm
or by special appointment
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